Bài tập Tiếng Anh 8 mới Unit 7 Reading có đáp án

  • 2448 lượt thi

  • 15 câu hỏi

  • 15 phút

Câu 1:

Read the passage below and decide whether the statements are TRUE or FALSE?

Light pollution is the excessive, misdirected or invasive use of artificial outdoor lighting. Mismanaged lighting affects the environment, energy resources, wildlife, humans and astronomy research.

Light pollution is not a new phenomenon. Over the last 50 years, as countries became affluent and urbanized, demand for outdoor lighting increased and light pollution sprawled beyond the city limits and into suburban and rural areas. This form pollution is now prevalent in Asia, Europe, and North America, particularly in cities like Los Angeles, New York and Washington D.C. In 2008, National Geographic magazine named Chicago the most light-polluted city in the United States.

However, the most light-polluted spot in the world is Hong Kong, China. In March 2013, the University of Hong Kong named the city the most light polluted in the world. A study by the university found the night sky in Tsim Sha Tsui, an urban neighborhood in southern Kowloon, Hong Kong, to be 1,200 times brighter than a normal urban city sky. Luminous pollution of this magnitude is on the rise worldwide. In a 2010 article from the Ecology and Society Journal, Hölker and others stated the use of artificial lighting increases by 20% each year, depending on the region, and noted there is an urgent need for light pollution policies that surpass energy efficiency to include humans, animals and the environment.

Question : Light pollution is the excessive, misdirected or invasive use of artificial outdoor lighting.

Xem đáp án

Đáp án: A

Giải thích: Dựa vào câu: “Light pollution is the excessive, misdirected or invasive use of artificial outdoor lighting.”.

Dịch: Ô nhiễm ánh sáng là việc sử dụng điện nhân tạo ngoài trời quá mức, sai hướng, hoặc quá nhiều


Câu 2:

Read the passage below and decide whether the statements are TRUE or FALSE?

Light pollution is the excessive, misdirected or invasive use of artificial outdoor lighting. Mismanaged lighting affects the environment, energy resources, wildlife, humans and astronomy research.

Light pollution is not a new phenomenon. Over the last 50 years, as countries became affluent and urbanized, demand for outdoor lighting increased and light pollution sprawled beyond the city limits and into suburban and rural areas. This form pollution is now prevalent in Asia, Europe, and North America, particularly in cities like Los Angeles, New York and Washington D.C. In 2008, National Geographic magazine named Chicago the most light-polluted city in the United States.

However, the most light-polluted spot in the world is Hong Kong, China. In March 2013, the University of Hong Kong named the city the most light polluted in the world. A study by the university found the night sky in Tsim Sha Tsui, an urban neighborhood in southern Kowloon, Hong Kong, to be 1,200 times brighter than a normal urban city sky. Luminous pollution of this magnitude is on the rise worldwide. In a 2010 article from the Ecology and Society Journal, Hölker and others stated the use of artificial lighting increases by 20% each year, depending on the region, and noted there is an urgent need for light pollution policies that surpass energy efficiency to include humans, animals and the environment.

Question : Light pollution sprawled beyond the city limits and into suburban and rural areas.”.

Xem đáp án

Đáp án: A

Giải thích: Dựa vào câu: “Over the last 50 years, as countries became affluent and urbanized, demand for outdoor lighting increased and light pollution sprawled beyond the city limits and into suburban and rural areas.”.

Dịch: Hơn 50 năm vừa qua, khi các đất nước trở nên giàu có và đô thị hoá, nhu cầu thắp sáng ngoài trời tăng lên và ô nhiễm ánh sáng vượt ra khỏi giới hạn các thành phố, lan ra vùng ngoại ô và cả nông thôn.


Câu 3:

Read the passage below and decide whether the statements are TRUE or FALSE?

Light pollution is the excessive, misdirected or invasive use of artificial outdoor lighting. Mismanaged lighting affects the environment, energy resources, wildlife, humans and astronomy research.

Light pollution is not a new phenomenon. Over the last 50 years, as countries became affluent and urbanized, demand for outdoor lighting increased and light pollution sprawled beyond the city limits and into suburban and rural areas. This form pollution is now prevalent in Asia, Europe, and North America, particularly in cities like Los Angeles, New York and Washington D.C. In 2008, National Geographic magazine named Chicago the most light-polluted city in the United States.

However, the most light-polluted spot in the world is Hong Kong, China. In March 2013, the University of Hong Kong named the city the most light polluted in the world. A study by the university found the night sky in Tsim Sha Tsui, an urban neighborhood in southern Kowloon, Hong Kong, to be 1,200 times brighter than a normal urban city sky. Luminous pollution of this magnitude is on the rise worldwide. In a 2010 article from the Ecology and Society Journal, Hölker and others stated the use of artificial lighting increases by 20% each year, depending on the region, and noted there is an urgent need for light pollution policies that surpass energy efficiency to include humans, animals and the environment.

Question: Chicago is the most light-polluted city in the world.

Xem đáp án

Đáp án: B

Giải thích: Dựa vào câu: “In 2008, National Geographic magazine named Chicago the most light-polluted city in the United States.”.

Dịch: Vào năm 2008, tờ tạp chí Địa lý Quốc gia nêu tên Chicago là thành phố bị ô nhiễm ánh sáng nặng nề nhất nước Mỹ.


Câu 4:

Read the passage below and decide whether the statements are TRUE or FALSE?

Light pollution is the excessive, misdirected or invasive use of artificial outdoor lighting. Mismanaged lighting affects the environment, energy resources, wildlife, humans and astronomy research.

Light pollution is not a new phenomenon. Over the last 50 years, as countries became affluent and urbanized, demand for outdoor lighting increased and light pollution sprawled beyond the city limits and into suburban and rural areas. This form pollution is now prevalent in Asia, Europe, and North America, particularly in cities like Los Angeles, New York and Washington D.C. In 2008, National Geographic magazine named Chicago the most light-polluted city in the United States.

However, the most light-polluted spot in the world is Hong Kong, China. In March 2013, the University of Hong Kong named the city the most light polluted in the world. A study by the university found the night sky in Tsim Sha Tsui, an urban neighborhood in southern Kowloon, Hong Kong, to be 1,200 times brighter than a normal urban city sky. Luminous pollution of this magnitude is on the rise worldwide. In a 2010 article from the Ecology and Society Journal, Hölker and others stated the use of artificial lighting increases by 20% each year, depending on the region, and noted there is an urgent need for light pollution policies that surpass energy efficiency to include humans, animals and the environment.

Question: A city in Hong Kong is more than two hundred times brighter than a normal one.

Xem đáp án

Đáp án: B

Giải thích: Dựa vào câu: “A study by the university found the night sky in Tsim Sha Tsui, an urban neighborhood in southern Kowloon, Hong Kong, to be 1,200 times brighter than a normal urban city sky.”.

Dịch: Một nghiên cứu thực hiện bởi trường đại học này cho hay bầu trời ở thành phố Tsim Sha Tsui ở nam Kowloon, Hồng Kông sáng hơn 1200 lần một thành phố thông thường.


Câu 5:

Read the passage below and decide whether the statements are TRUE or FALSE?

Light pollution is the excessive, misdirected or invasive use of artificial outdoor lighting. Mismanaged lighting affects the environment, energy resources, wildlife, humans and astronomy research.

Light pollution is not a new phenomenon. Over the last 50 years, as countries became affluent and urbanized, demand for outdoor lighting increased and light pollution sprawled beyond the city limits and into suburban and rural areas. This form pollution is now prevalent in Asia, Europe, and North America, particularly in cities like Los Angeles, New York and Washington D.C. In 2008, National Geographic magazine named Chicago the most light-polluted city in the United States.

However, the most light-polluted spot in the world is Hong Kong, China. In March 2013, the University of Hong Kong named the city the most light polluted in the world. A study by the university found the night sky in Tsim Sha Tsui, an urban neighborhood in southern Kowloon, Hong Kong, to be 1,200 times brighter than a normal urban city sky. Luminous pollution of this magnitude is on the rise worldwide. In a 2010 article from the Ecology and Society Journal, Hölker and others stated the use of artificial lighting increases by 20% each year, depending on the region, and noted there is an urgent need for light pollution policies that surpass energy efficiency to include humans, animals and the environment.

Question :Luminous pollution of this magnitude is on the rise worldwide.

Xem đáp án

Đáp án: A

Giải thích: Dựa vào câu: “Luminous pollution of this magnitude is on the rise worldwide.”.

Dịch: Ô nhiễm ánh sáng ở mức độ này đang tăng lên trên khắp thế giới.


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