Câu hỏi:

03/11/2020 181

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks.

        Quite apart from the economic similarity between present-day automation and the mechanization, (4)_______has been proceeding for centuries, it must also be stressed that even in the United States, automation is by no means the only factor displace people from existing jobs. The increasing number of unneeded workers in recent years has been the result of much more simple and old-fashioned influences:

farm laborers have been (5)                          _________out of work by bigger tractors, miners by the cheapness of oil, and railway-men by better roads. It is quite wrong, therefore, to think of automation as some new monster whose arrival threatens the existence of employment in the same way that the arrival of myxomatosis threatened the existence of the rabbit. Automation is one aspect of technological changes (changes in tastes, changes in social patterns, changes in organization) which (6)________in certain jobs disappearing and certain skills ceasing to be required. And even in America, which has a level of technology and output per (7)______much in advance of Britain’s, there is no evidence that the pace of change is actually speeding up. Nevertheless changes in the amount of labor needed to produce a certain output are proceeding fairly rapidly in America - and in (8)_______countries - and may proceed more rapidly in future. Indeed it is one of the main objects of economic policy.

Điền vào ô 5.

Đáp án chính xác

Quảng cáo

Trả lời:

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Giải bởi Vietjack

Đáp án A.

Tạm dịch: farm laborers have been_______out of work by bigger tractors, miners by the cheapness of oil, and railway-men by better roads: nhân công làm việc trong nông trại, những người thợ mỏ, những nhân viên đường sắt đã bị______ngoài công việc bởi những máy kéo lớn hơn, bởi giá dầu rẻ và bởi những con đường tốt hơn.

Ta có: Put sb out of work: làm cho ai mất việc làm

Ex: The new technology could put him out of work.

đáp án chính xác là A.

Lưu ý thêm: dismiss sb (from sth) = fire, sack: sa thải

Ex: She claims she was unfairly dismissed from her post.

CÂU HỎI HOT CÙNG CHỦ ĐỀ

Câu 1:

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.

I could not get the job because I did not speak English well.

Xem đáp án » 03/11/2020 1,769

Câu 2:

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.

Xem đáp án » 03/11/2020 1,517

Câu 3:

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D onyour answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.

A brief outline of the course and bibliography were handed out to the students at the first meeting.

Xem đáp án » 03/11/2020 1,037

Câu 4:

I made sure I had all the facts__________my fingertips before attending the meeting.

Xem đáp án » 03/11/2020 993

Câu 5:

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.

No sooner had he entered the house than the police arrested him.

Xem đáp án » 03/11/2020 841

Câu 6:

Never say that again,_______?

Xem đáp án » 03/11/2020 772

Câu 7:

Read the following passage and blacken the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.

        The history of clinical nutrition, or the study of the relationship between health and how the body takes in and utilizes food substances, can be divided into four distinct eras: the first began in the nineteenth century and extended into the early twentieth century when it was recognized for the first time that food contained constituents that were essential for human function and that different foods provided different amounts of these essential agents. Near the end of this era, research studies demonstrated that rapid weight loss was associated with nitrogen imbalance and could only be rectified by providing adequate dietary protein associated with certain foods.

       The second era was initiated in the early decades of the twentieth century and might be called “the vitamin period.” Vitamins came to be recognized in foods, and deficiency syndromes were described. As vitamins became recognized as essential food constituents necessary for health, it became tempting to suggest that every disease and condition for which there had been no previous effective treatment might be responsive to vitamin therapy. At that point in time, medical schools started to become more interested in having their curricula integrate nutritional concepts into the basic sciences. Much of the focus of this education was on the recognition of deficiency symptoms. Herein lay the beginning of what ultimately turned from ignorance to denial of the value of nutritional therapies in medicine. Reckless claims were made for effects of vitamins that went far beyond what could actually be achieved from the use of them.

        In the third era of nutritional history in the early 1950's to mid-1960's, vitamin therapy began to fall into disrepute. Concomitant with this, nutrition education in medical schools also became less popular. It was just a decade before this that many drug companies had found their vitamin sales skyrocketing and were quick to supply practicing physicians with generous samples of vitamins and literature extolling the virtue of supplementation for a variety of health-related conditions. Expectations as to the success of vitamins in disease control were exaggerated. As is known in retrospect, vitamin and mineral therapies are much less effective when applied to health-crisis conditions than when applied to long-term problems of under nutrition that lead to chronic health problems.

What does the passage mainly discuss?

Xem đáp án » 03/11/2020 690

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