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13.The word in brackets at the end of each of the following sentences can be used to form a word that fits suitably in the blank. 1.   Children have to moral lessons in school to avoid behavior of                           in future. (morality) 2.   If you don’t go to work regularly, you will be punished for                                in work.(regularity) 3.   In our country, men and women are equal. No one supports gender                               .(equality) 4.   Every young man undergoing military training is bound to experience                          . (comfort) 5.   Tom’s failure was due not to                                but to his own mistakes.(fortune) 6.   He is a notorious                           who robbed a bank yesterday.(crime) 7.   It is forbidden to hunt for that kind of bird. It has been listed as one ofthe                     species.(danger) 8.   The weather was terrible, so we had a very                                  holiday.(please) 9.   The                                    of the new guest caused trouble to me. (arrive) 10.                               to the school is by examination only. (admit) 11. He wanted a divorce because his wife had been                          . (faith) 12. Ididn’t know who it was- with a mask on, she was completely                           . (recognize) 13. “This is not a good essay’ said the lecture. “I find your arguments                     ”. (convince) 14. Traveling in an aero plane for the first time was a                       experience.(memory) 15. In winter it is important for farmers to provide food and            fortheir animals. (warm)
12.Use the correct form of the words given to complete the sentences. 1.   Robots save workers from performing                                         tasks.(danger) 2.   One disadvantage of robots is its high cost of the                                    . (produce) 3.   Robots are being used in both                              manufacturing and the                        field. (industry - medicine) 4.   There is no                                    reason why Japan will not be able to makeprogress in robotics. (technology) 5.   The key to YouTube’s success is the                               for anyone fromanywhere in the world to broadcast themselves for free.(able) 6.   Due to the                                     in the science and technology, impossiblethings have become possible. 7.   Robots increase worker                                        by preventing accidents sincehumans are not performing                                    jobs.(safe - risk) 8.   As a                                               (science), Professor Tran Dai Nghia set anexample as a true                        (research) who devoted himself tothe            (science) career. 9.   Hellen isn’t a great                                    of biotechnology.(admire) 10. Paul’s uncle has worked as a                                for twelve years.(conservation)
10.Complete the sentences, using the correct form of the words in brackets. 1.   Light pollution make us                            to see the stars in the sky. (able) 2.   Noise is considered as                               pollution. (environment) 3.   The soil becomes                          because of the use of so many pesticides andfertilizers. (contaminate) 4.                                 waste spills can contaminate groundwater. (industry) 5.                                 habitats have been destroyed in recent years. (nature) 6.   A number of cleaning products contain                            chemicals. (harm) 7.   Water samples collected at these villages were seriously                                                 with bacteria. (contaminate) 8.   People believe that the                              water has brought cancer tothe local residents. (pollute) 9.   In many developing countries, water pollution is usually a leading cause of                  . (die) 10.                               elements have been found in both ground and underground water sources. (pollute) 11. Fish and many other animals are killed by                                   in their habitat. (pollute) 12. Astronomers are concerned about light pollution because they have                              in viewing activities in the sky and outer space. (difficult)
8. Complete these sentences with the correct form of adjectives and adverbs comparison. 1.   Mary is (pretty) as her sister.       ..................................................................................................... 2.   A new house is (expensive) than an old one.       ..................................................................................................... 3.   His job is (important) than mine.       ..................................................................................................... 4.   Of the four ties, I like the red one (well).       ..................................................................................................... 5.   Nobody is (happy) than Miss Snow.       ..................................................................................................... 6.   Today English is the (international) of languages.       ..................................................................................................... 7.   John is much (strong) than I thought.       ..................................................................................................... 8.   Benches are (comfortable) than arm- chairs.       ..................................................................................................... 9.   Bill is (good) than you thought.       ..................................................................................................... 10. Mr Bush is the (delightful) person I have ever known.       ..................................................................................................... 11. Dick is the (careful) of the three workers.       ..................................................................................................... 12. Is the book (interesting) than the one you read last week?       ..................................................................................................... 13. Gold is (precious) than iron.       ..................................................................................................... 14. The weather today is (warm) than the weather yesterday.       ..................................................................................................... 15. This film is not (good) as the one we saw last week.       .....................................................................................................  16. Holidays are (pleasant) than working days.       ..................................................................................................... 17. Which is (high) mountain in your country?       ..................................................................................................... 18. A house is (strong) than a dog.       ..................................................................................................... 19. Robert is (fat) than his brother.       ..................................................................................................... 20. The Pacific is (large) ocean in the world.       .....................................................................................................
2.   Complete the text with the comparative or superlative of the adjectives in brackets. Who are the    best     (0- good) drivers?         Which drivers are the                                           (1- safe) on the roads? According to a recent survey,young and inexperienced drivers are the                               (2- likely) to have an accident.                                  (3- old) drivers are                                    (4- careful). Gender makes a difference, too.Young men have the                           (5- bad) accident records of all. They are generally                          (6- aggressive)                        (7- old) drivers. They also choose                              (8- fast)cars with                                (9- big) engines.             One of the                               (10- interesting) facts in the survey is that passengers have an effect on the driver. When young male drivers have their friends in the car, their driving becomes                            (11- bad). When their wife or girlfriend is in the car, however, their driving is                           (12- good). But the opposite is true for women. Their driving is                                      (13- dangerous) when their husband or boyfriend is in the car!
15.Write meaningful sentences about the appearance of aliens based on the words or phrases given, using “may/ might”. 1.   Aliens/ a hard container/ the brain.       ..................................................................................................................................................... 2.   They/ two eyes/ a nose/ a mouth/ us.       ..................................................................................................................................................... 3.   Their eyes/ bug-like/ and/ the nose/ not/ in the middle of the face.       ..................................................................................................................................................... 4.   Besides teeth/ aliens/ other systems/ eating.       ..................................................................................................................................................... 5.   They/ two arms/ but/ arms/ suckers/ pick up small objects.       ..................................................................................................................................................... 6.   Their hand/ only three or four fingers.       ..................................................................................................................................................... 7.   The number of joints/ greater/ and/ direction of bending/ different.                        
14.Write a paragraph about the topic: “Is television a blessing or a curse?”, using the cues given. IS TELEVISION A BLESSING OR A CURSE? 1.   Human beings/ gained much specific advancement recently. There/ be a series of inventions that/ have brought human conveniences/ a modern life. 2.   Television/ set as a good example that certainly influences/ our life in communication and entertainment. However, TV also/ cause some bad effects of time-consuming/ health problems. 3.   In the first place, television/ help people in the ways of communicating/ each other and entertaining their life. Thanks/ the appearance TV, people can keep/ with up-to-date/ the world. 4.   What our/ be if we do not have a TV at home. Because TV is a cheap/ available tool/ provide us daily information. 5.   Also, watching TV is a valuable kind of entertainment that/ help people relax after working hard or suffering/ a busy life. Last but not least, TV has changed husband’s behavior in connecting/ each other. 6.   Beside of good advantages of TV, watching TV may cause some disorders in health/ working time/ well. 7.   Some people spend long hours in/ of a TV set, they may neglect then work or duty in taking care/ their family members. And young people may work less effectively/ addicted to watching TV lead to passiveness and laziness. 8.   In conclusion, everything/ have two sides and TV is optional. It is obvious that TV/ benefit our life in making people become friendly and close. I totally agree that TV is a great invention and we/ have to be aware/ its good points by using it suitably.
12. Use the words or phrases to complete the letter.       Dear Mary, 1.   I / have / great time / here in England.       ..................................................................................................................................................... 2.   I / be / here / three months / my university term / start / two months ago.       ..................................................................................................................................................... 3.   I / live / dormitory / some foreign students.       ..................................................................................................................................................... 4.   They / come / different parts / the world.       ..................................................................................................................................................... 5.   They / be / very friendly and pleasant, / and / their English / much better / mine.       ..................................................................................................................................................... 6.   I practice / speak English / them / every day.       ..................................................................................................................................................... 7.   Now / make /good progress.       ..................................................................................................................................................... 8.   My pronunciation / much better / and / I / understand / almost everything.       ..................................................................................................................................................... 9.   I / hope / my English / considerably / improve / the end / course.       ..................................................................................................................................................... 10. Write / me / soon.   Yours truly,       Mai Lan  
9.Write a paragraph about noise pollution (definition, causes, effects, and solutions), using the cues given. 1.   Noise pollution/ any loud sounds/ either harmful or annoying/ humans and animals.       ___________________________________________________________________________       ___________________________________________________________________________ 2.   Generally/ noise/ produced/ household appliances/ big trucks/ vehicles and motorbikes/ on the road/ planes and helicopters flying over cities/ loud speakers, etc.       ___________________________________________________________________________       ___________________________________________________________________________ 3.   Noise pollution/ cause/ stress/ illness/ hearing loss/ sleep loss/ lost productivity.       ___________________________________________________________________________       ___________________________________________________________________________ 4.   Health effects/ noise/ include/ anxiety/ stress/ headaches/ irritability/ nervousness.       ___________________________________________________________________________       ___________________________________________________________________________ 5.   Noise-producing industries/ airports/ bus terminals/ should/ located/ far/ living places.       ___________________________________________________________________________       ___________________________________________________________________________ 6.   The officials/ check/ misuse/ loudspeakers/ outdoor parties and discos/ as well as/ public announcement systems.
8. Complete the sentences, using the words and phrases given. You can add some words and make changes. 1.   The major cause/ water pollution/ Vietnam/ be the weakness in industrial wastewater management.       ________________________________________________________________________       ________________________________________________________________________ 2.   Many factories/ use fresh water/ carry away waste/ their plants/ canals, rivers, and lakes.       ________________________________________________________________________       ________________________________________________________________________ 3.   Most/ them/ not have a wastewater treatment system.       ________________________________________________________________________       ________________________________________________________________________   4.   Industrial waste water/ be directly discharged/ canals, lakes, ponds,/ rivers, caus­ing serious pollution/ surface water.       ________________________________________________________________________       ________________________________________________________________________ 5.   For example,/ 2008,Vedan factory, a sodium glutamate plant, released their untreated industrial wastewater/ the Thi Vai River/ caused tons/ fish and ducks in the river/ die.       ________________________________________________________________________       ________________________________________________________________________ 6.   Another cause/ water pollution in Vietnam/ be the lack/ awareness among citizens.       ________________________________________________________________________       ________________________________________________________________________ 7.   Every day people/ generate a/ of garbage,/ they throw it directly into canals, river,/ ponds.       ________________________________________________________________________       ________________________________________________________________________ 8.   They/ collect water from these sources/ do their laundry, wash dishes, and bathe,/ then they/ throw the dirty water that contain detergent/ shampoo directly into them.       ________________________________________________________________________       ________________________________________________________________________
7. Use the words and phrases to complete the story.                    THE STORY OF A TOWN 1.   Brighton is/ largest seaside resort/ the south-east of England.       _________________________________________________________________________ 2.   At first the town/ be a fishing village and/ not become popular until about 1800.       _________________________________________________________________________       _________________________________________________________________________ 3.   Rich people/ begin to visit Brighton in large numbers/ when King George IV/ decided/ build a house there, it/ become very fashionable.       _________________________________________________________________________       _________________________________________________________________________ 4.   The King/ continue to visit it until 1827, but Queen Victoria/ not like the house.       _________________________________________________________________________       _________________________________________________________________________ 5.   It is open/ the public every day/ there is a special exhibition there/ the summer.       _________________________________________________________________________       _________________________________________________________________________ 6.   Brighton/ offers all kinds/ entertainment, from concerts/ plays in the theatre to local attractions like the Aquarium.       _________________________________________________________________________       _________________________________________________________________________ 7.   The area/ old houses known/ The Lanes is/ very attractive shopping centre,/ visitors can buy souvenirs/ antiques.       _________________________________________________________________________       _________________________________________________________________________ 8.   The houses/ were once lived in by fishermen/ but have now been converted into shops.       _________________________________________________________________________       _________________________________________________________________________ 9.   Not far/ The Lanes is a modern shopping centre/ licensed restaurants and tables outdoors/ you can enjoy/ drink in good weather.       _________________________________________________________________________       _________________________________________________________________________ 10. Brighton is within easy reach/ London and has been/ popular day out for Londoners/ many years.        _________________________________________________________________________       _________________________________________________________________________
6.Complete the sentences about Nha Trang Sea Festival, using the words and phrases given. You can add some words and make changes. 1.   Nha Trang Sea Festival/ take place every two years/ a week in around June/ Nha Trang City, Khanh Hoa Province.       ___________________________________________________________________________       ___________________________________________________________________________ 2.   This/ is a colorful/ dynamic sea festival/ which honors natural beauty/ Nha Trang- the charming city overlooking the sea.       ___________________________________________________________________________       ___________________________________________________________________________ 3.   The first Nha Trang Sea Festival/ held in 2003 when Nha Trang Beach/ proclaimed as a member/ the Most Beautiful Bays/ the World Club.       ___________________________________________________________________________       ___________________________________________________________________________ 4.   Coming/ Nha Trang at the time of festival, visitors/ be able to take part/ various cultural/ recreational events.       ___________________________________________________________________________       ___________________________________________________________________________ 5.   First of all/ be an abundant opening ceremony/ Vietnamese and international art groups.       ___________________________________________________________________________       ___________________________________________________________________________ 6.   Besides, many interesting activities also/ take place during the festival/ seafood competition/ wine festival/ beach volleyball/ art kite flying festival/ underwater group wedding, etc.       ___________________________________________________________________________       ___________________________________________________________________________ 7.   The festival/ be also a great chance for tourists/ know more about Viet Nam/ special events.       ___________________________________________________________________________       ___________________________________________________________________________ 8.   Nha Trang Sea Festival/ definitely give you an unforgettable impression/ Viet Nam’s charming beauty as/ as time-honored traditional values.       ___________________________________________________________________________       ___________________________________________________________________________
5.Complete sentences, using the words and phrases given. You can add some words and make changes. 1.   On New Year’s Eve, the Vietnamese put fruits/ the altar, and they also arrange watermelon/ traditional cakes/ as Chung cakes.       ___________________________________________________________________________       ___________________________________________________________________________ 2.   While many people/ go to pagodas or churches/ New Year’s Day to pray/ the coming year, many others/ remain in their home in/ of the altar/ welcome the ancestors through prayer.       ___________________________________________________________________________       ___________________________________________________________________________ 3.   Although people from Western countries/ not follow ancestor worship, ancestor worship/ consider a type of religious practices/ some Asian countries.       ___________________________________________________________________________       ___________________________________________________________________________ 4.   Because Xoan singing is still in the memory/ folk artists/ Phu Tho Province, they always/ try their best/ hand down offspring the old style of singing in the activities/ the clubs.       ___________________________________________________________________________       ___________________________________________________________________________ 5.   The Giong Festival/ held/ the 6th/ the 12th/ the 4th lunar month/ several venues around Ha Noi.       ___________________________________________________________________________       ___________________________________________________________________________ 6.   The festival/ commemorate/ Saint Giong/ who/ defeat/ the An.       ___________________________________________________________________________       ___________________________________________________________________________   7.   It/ also/ an opportunity/ hope for abundant harvests/ happy lives/ and express patriotism.       ___________________________________________________________________________       ___________________________________________________________________________ 8.   During/ festival/ villagers/ the statue bathing/ processions of bamboo flowers/Soc Temple.       ___________________________________________________________________________       ___________________________________________________________________________ 9.   The festival/ provide/ many entertaining activities/ including/ folk games/ traditional singing performances.       ___________________________________________________________________________       ___________________________________________________________________________ 10. The festival/ recognized/ UNESCO/ as an intangible cultural heritage/ mankind.     ___________________________________________________________________________     ___________________________________________________________________________
3.Make up sentences using the words and phrases given. 1.   It/ to/ quite simple/ is/ cook Thang Co.       ............................................................................................................................. 2.   to/ do/ you/ like/ in/ live/ the big city /or the countryside?       ............................................................................................................................. 3.   becoming/ is/ the/ better/ traffic.       ............................................................................................................................. 4.   life/ in/ is/ better/ the/ changing/ country.       ............................................................................................................................. 5.   Ho Chi Minh city/ Mr. Hung/ tonight/ arriving/ in/ is.       ............................................................................................................................. 6.   I/ countryside/ the/ last Sunday/ went/ my uncle/ to/ and.       ............................................................................................................................. 7.   is/ home/ so/ dark/ should/ It/ we/ go/ getting       ............................................................................................................................. 8.   grandfather/ Saturday/ I/ my/ am/ on/ visiting.       .............................................................................................................................