Tổng hợp bộ đề thi thử THPTQG môn Tiếng Anh các năm Đề 39

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Câu 1:

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best completes each of the following exchanges from 1 to 2.

Ensoleill and Sunny are talking about Ted’s accident last week.

Ensoleill: “A motor bike knocked Ted down”.                

Sunny: “ ____________”

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C

Tạm dịch:

Ensoleill và Sunny đang nói chuyện về tai nạn của Ted tuần trước.

Ensoleill: “Một cái xe máy đã đâm Ted à?”

Sunny: “  ”

A. Thật tuyệt.

B. Bây giờ nó là cái gì rồi?

C. Khổ thân Ted!

D. Trời, cái xe máy này!


Câu 2:

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best completes each of the following exchanges from 1 to 2.

Mary and her friend, Ensoleill, are in a coffee shop.

Mary: “Would you like Matcha ice–cream or Caramen with jam?”

Ensoleill: “______________”.

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A

Tạm dịch:

Mary và bạn cô ấy, Ensoleill, đang ở trong một quán cafe.

Mary: “Cậu muốn ăn kem trà xanh hay caramen và mứt?”

Ensoleill: “  ”

A. Sao cũng được, không quan trọng đâu.

B. Mình thích ăn tất cả.

C. Ừ, mình thích hai cái đó.

D. Cái nào cũng được. Đều ngon cả mà.


Câu 3:

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 3 to 9.

        Most people can remember a phone number for up to thirty seconds. When this short amount of time elapses, however, the numbers are erased from the memory. How did the information get there in the first place? Information that makes its way to the short term memory (STM) does so via the sensory storage area. The brain has a filter which only allows stimuli that is of immediate interest to pass on to the STM, also known as the working memory.

        There is much debate about the capacity and duration of the short term memory. The most accepted theory comes from George A. Miller, a cognitive psychologist who suggested that humans can remember approximately seven chunks of information. A chunk is defined as a meaningful unit of information, such as a word or name rather than just a letter or number. Modern theorists suggest that one can increase the capacity of the short term memory by chunking, or classifying similar information together. By organizing information, one can optimize the STM, and improve the chances of a memory being passed on to long term storage.

        When making a conscious effort to memorize something, such as information for an exam, many people engage in "rote rehearsal". By repeating something over and over again, one is able to keep a memory alive. Unfortunately, this type of memory maintenance only succeeds if there are no interruptions. As soon as a person stops rehearsing the information, it has the tendency to disappear. When a pen and paper are not handy, people often attempt to remember a phone number by repeating it aloud. If the doorbell rings or the dog barks to come in before a person has the opportunity to make a phone call, he will likely forget the number instantly. Therefore, rote rehearsal is not an efficient way to pass information from the short term to long term memory. A better way is to practice "elaborate rehearsal". This involves assigning semantic meaning to a piece of information so that it can be filed along with other pre-existing long term memories.

          Encoding information semantically also makes it more retrievable. Retrieving information can be done by recognition or recall. Humans can easily recall memories that are stored in the long term memory and used often; however, if a memory seems to be forgotten, it may eventually be retrieved by prompting. The more cues a person is given (such as pictures), the more likely a memory can be retrieved. This is why multiple choice tests are often used for subjects that require a lot of memorization.

According to the passage, how do memories get transferred to the STM?

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D

Theo đoạn văn, kí ức được chuyển sang STM như thế nào?

A. Nó chuyển từ kí ức dài hạn.

B. Nó di chuyển thành tảng lớn khi vào não.

C. Nó không bao giờ đi qua hệ thần kinh.

D. Nó được lọc từ vùng lưu trữ giác quan.

Dẫn chứng: “Information that makes its way to the short term memory (STM) does so via the sensory storage area.”

Tạm dịch: “Thông tin di chuyển tới vùng kí ức ngắn hạn (STM) phải đi qua vùng lưu trữ giác quan.


Câu 4:

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 3 to 9.

        Most people can remember a phone number for up to thirty seconds. When this short amount of time elapses, however, the numbers are erased from the memory. How did the information get there in the first place? Information that makes its way to the short term memory (STM) does so via the sensory storage area. The brain has a filter which only allows stimuli that is of immediate interest to pass on to the STM, also known as the working memory.

        There is much debate about the capacity and duration of the short term memory. The most accepted theory comes from George A. Miller, a cognitive psychologist who suggested that humans can remember approximately seven chunks of information. A chunk is defined as a meaningful unit of information, such as a word or name rather than just a letter or number. Modern theorists suggest that one can increase the capacity of the short term memory by chunking, or classifying similar information together. By organizing information, one can optimize the STM, and improve the chances of a memory being passed on to long term storage.

        When making a conscious effort to memorize something, such as information for an exam, many people engage in "rote rehearsal". By repeating something over and over again, one is able to keep a memory alive. Unfortunately, this type of memory maintenance only succeeds if there are no interruptions. As soon as a person stops rehearsing the information, it has the tendency to disappear. When a pen and paper are not handy, people often attempt to remember a phone number by repeating it aloud. If the doorbell rings or the dog barks to come in before a person has the opportunity to make a phone call, he will likely forget the number instantly. Therefore, rote rehearsal is not an efficient way to pass information from the short term to long term memory. A better way is to practice "elaborate rehearsal". This involves assigning semantic meaning to a piece of information so that it can be filed along with other pre-existing long term memories.

          Encoding information semantically also makes it more retrievable. Retrieving information can be done by recognition or recall. Humans can easily recall memories that are stored in the long term memory and used often; however, if a memory seems to be forgotten, it may eventually be retrieved by prompting. The more cues a person is given (such as pictures), the more likely a memory can be retrieved. This is why multiple choice tests are often used for subjects that require a lot of memorization.

The word “elapses” in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to ______.

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A

Từ “elapses” trong đoạn 1 gần nghĩa nhất với từ nào?

A. passes (v): qua

B. appears (v): xuất hiện

C. continues (v): tiếp tục

D. wastes (v): tốn


Câu 5:

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 3 to 9.

        Most people can remember a phone number for up to thirty seconds. When this short amount of time elapses, however, the numbers are erased from the memory. How did the information get there in the first place? Information that makes its way to the short term memory (STM) does so via the sensory storage area. The brain has a filter which only allows stimuli that is of immediate interest to pass on to the STM, also known as the working memory.

        There is much debate about the capacity and duration of the short term memory. The most accepted theory comes from George A. Miller, a cognitive psychologist who suggested that humans can remember approximately seven chunks of information. A chunk is defined as a meaningful unit of information, such as a word or name rather than just a letter or number. Modern theorists suggest that one can increase the capacity of the short term memory by chunking, or classifying similar information together. By organizing information, one can optimize the STM, and improve the chances of a memory being passed on to long term storage.

        When making a conscious effort to memorize something, such as information for an exam, many people engage in "rote rehearsal". By repeating something over and over again, one is able to keep a memory alive. Unfortunately, this type of memory maintenance only succeeds if there are no interruptions. As soon as a person stops rehearsing the information, it has the tendency to disappear. When a pen and paper are not handy, people often attempt to remember a phone number by repeating it aloud. If the doorbell rings or the dog barks to come in before a person has the opportunity to make a phone call, he will likely forget the number instantly. Therefore, rote rehearsal is not an efficient way to pass information from the short term to long term memory. A better way is to practice "elaborate rehearsal". This involves assigning semantic meaning to a piece of information so that it can be filed along with other pre-existing long term memories.

          Encoding information semantically also makes it more retrievable. Retrieving information can be done by recognition or recall. Humans can easily recall memories that are stored in the long term memory and used often; however, if a memory seems to be forgotten, it may eventually be retrieved by prompting. The more cues a person is given (such as pictures), the more likely a memory can be retrieved. This is why multiple choice tests are often used for subjects that require a lot of memorization.

All of the following are mentioned as places in which memories are stored EXCEPT______.

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A

Tất cả những thứ được liệt kê dưới đây đều là nơi lưu trữ thông tin, ngoại trừ:

A. vùng bảo trì

B. vùng kí ức dài hạn

C. vùng lưu trữ giác quan

D. STM

Dẫn chứng: “memory maintenance” được nhắc đến ở đoạn văn thứ 3. “This type of memory maintenace” muốn nói đến việc “rote rehearsal”, chỉ là một hình thức bảo trì trí nhớ, không phải nơi lưu trữ thông tin


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